We are breaking the rule of key signatures: there are an A AND an Ab in it! Using enharmonic spellings the diminished scale will have a dim 5th and an aug 5thand is much easier to work with. Shapes. The B diminished chord is produced by taking the 1 (root), b3 and b5 of the B Major scale. In other words, learn the scale construction first before getting bogged down with fingerings. ©2014-2020 All Rights Reserved - Simplifying Theory. The diminished scale is an eight-note scale that is built by picking a tonic note, and then alternating whole steps and half steps from that starting note. For example, the C diminished scale of the half-step-first type, has the same notes as the half-step-first E ♭ diminished scale as well as the whole-step-first D ♭ diminished scale. This tension gives a sense of release once the progression arrives on its destination chord. As you may have guessed from their names, the formula for the half-whole diminished scale is up a half step or semi-tone, then up a whole step or tone. Download Now. Hence “octatonic”! Obviously, we are not creating another bar, the diminished chord is just dividing the same bar as D. Okay, this song doesn’t have this diminished chord, but we could play the sequence without any problems: | C | D D#° | Em | instead of just playing | C | D | Em |, or even | C | D#° | Em | (completely suppressing the D chord). Diminished Scale Theory: How Is It Used? For instance, Pattern 1 will correspond to a C chord. Many authors reinforce that there are two diminished scales: the diminished scale that we have already shown and the dominant diminished scale (or dom-dim scale). Intervals What intervals are in the C diminished scale. Here i… Mathematically, there must be a finite number of scales, but scales seem pretty infinite to me. The C diminished chord (just like all diminished chords) contains the following intervals (starting from the root note): minor 3rd, minor 3rd, tritone (which leads back to the root note). C D D# F F# G# A B play notes For example, the G7 chord is a dominant that resolves in C major. Imagine that you are improvising a solo in a song that is in C major, that is, you are using the C major scale. Then the student thinks: “Why am I going to waste time memorizing this scale if I will never use it?” And this is absolutely right! For instance, Pattern 1 will correspond to a C chord. And the listener accepts it, because this progression is very pleasant! The diminished scale is a type of 8-note symmetrical scale. View tab @ http://www.freeguitarvideos.com/LJ3/c-diminished-scale.html we will learn about the C Diminished Scale. As we will see later, you can use the C diminished scale over B7. The other 21 diminished scales have the same notes … There are two diminished scales called the half-whole and whole-half. The I-ii bridge. One of the most popular uses for the diminished chord is as a bridge between two other chords. These CAGED scale patterns help you learn the diminished scale as it relates to standard CAGED chords. All three are composed of the same eight pitches: C–D ♭ –E ♭ –E ♮ –F ♯ –G–A–B ♭ –C. The full diminished scale will use 9 notes. This is very advantageous, as it opens up a very wide range of possibilities. See an example of shape for the dimished scale of C below. Major 7th. We will see this concept applied in the examples. When you hear a certain scale, you probably associate it with something. Well, let’s say you are improvising a solo in E minor until, at a certain point in the song, the B7 chord appears. C half-diminished 7th chord. Scale intervals: 1 - b3 - b5 Notes in the chord: C - Eb - Gb Various names: Cdim - C diminished This is just one way of thinking, and it can be very useful in practice. There is no point in memorizing things that will not be applied in practice. Moral of the story: the dom-dim scale is the diminished scale applied on top of the dominant chord. Thinking about a scale one semitone above G7 can slow our response a little when improvising. This is one of the advantages. This is written below in musical notation with the essential chordtones coloured black and the non-essential altered chordtones coloured red. Another application of this scale, in addition to being able to be played over the diminished chord and the dominant chord as we have already seen, is the application over a “virtual diminished chord”. 2M - 2m - 2M - 2m - 2M - 1A - 2M - 2m. Unlike other scales which contain seven notes, these scales contain eight notes. Dominant Diminished Scale Pattern. playNode.addEventListener('click', function (event) { A diminished resolves naturally to the C chord. Imagine that your band is playing a song that contains the chords | C | D | Em |, repeated in that sequence. Again, once this shape is under your fingers, put on a G7b9 backing track and solo using both the 6th and 5th-string shifting shapes as you take these scales to the improvising side of your practice routine. But as this scale is identical to the D# scale, and D# is much closer to E than C, we can take advantage of this small distance and use the D# diminished scale (instead of C diminished) to make improvisation more fluent. The diminished scale pattern is a whole – half step repeating pattern. Also, we can simplify and summarize all 12 diminished scales to just 3 scale types : “A” diminished scale, “B” diminished scale and “C” diminished scale “A” diminished scale type “B” diminished scale type “C” diminished scale type. Diminished 5th. var playNode = document.getElementById('playSemitones686960068'); Now it’s time to show the application of this scale, after all, it’s useless to keep talking about it if what really matters is knowing where you can use these concepts! To help you visualize how the diminished scale is constructed, here is a chart that lays out the interval structure for this scale. This guitar neck shows the notes of the diminished scale. The diminished chord works so well for this purpose because it contains a high amount of tension. Therefore, the expected chord to resolve this tension is the C chord, which contains these two notes found (C and E, first and third degrees of the chord, respectively). Another advantage is the repetition of patterns on string instruments. This should not be strange, after all it is the diminished scale that forms the diminished chord. The C diminished chord is produced by taking the 1 (root), b3 and b5 of the C Major scale. This scale is primarily used in jazz music and works well together with alternate seventh chords. That’s right, don’t be alarmed! Let’s build a diminished scale: C – D – Eb – F – Gb – Ab – A – B – C. Notice a few things here: this scale has eight notes!! See my notes on the m11♭5 chord in the next section. The Solution below shows the C half-diminished 7th chord in root position, 1st, 2nd, and 3rd inversions, on the piano, treble clef and bass clef.. It’s common to see the diminished triad and the half-diminished 7th chords (m7♭5), but the m11♭5 is rarely seen. Diminished 7th. That is, instead of the sequence being: tone-semitone-tone-semitone, etc; starting from the second degree, we will have: semitone-tone-semitone-tone, etc. Chord vi, A minor consists of the notes, A – C – E. A minor seventh consists of the note, A – C – E – G. Lastly, chord vii°, B diminished consists of the notes, B – D – F, while B minor seventh flat five consists of the notes, B – D – F – A. The B diminished chord (just like all diminished chords) contains the following intervals (starting from the root note): minor 3rd, minor 3rd, tritone (which leads back to the root note). In the C Diminished Scale this would be C - Eb - Gb - A (Cdim7) and D - F - Ab - B (Ddim7). This is very advantageous, as it opens up a very wide range of possibilities. The same is true for the other remaining starting notes. }); This guitar neck shows the notes of the Root Note. diminished scale. But each person has their own preference. It is very worthwhile to invest time in this study. Notes: C Eb Gb Interval structure: R m3 m5 Chord construction: R = C C + minor interval = Eb (scale degree = minor 3rd) Eb + minor interval = Gb (scale degree = flat/diminished 5th) Cdim on other instruments Cdim piano Cdim guitar Cdim ukulele Cdim mandolin Cdim banjo The diminished scale is an eight note scale. It is a symmetrical scale in that it follows a distinct pattern, constructed from a repeated sequence of intervals (major second, minor second). Notes What notes are in the C diminished scale. In most sheet music books, the notation Cdim or C o denotes a diminished seventh chord with root C; but it may also happen, mostly in modern jazz books and some music theory literature, that Cdim or C o denotes a diminished triad (more commonly denoted Cm ♭5), while Cdim 7 or C o7 in these books denotes a diminished seventh chord (corresponding to Cm 6♭5). So far, no new concepts here. Create your own musical phrases and get fluent in this topic. Cdim7 (C diminished seventh) Piano sound: Notes and structure: C Eb Gb A (R m3 m5 6) Related Chords: Cº7\A; Chord Categories: diminished chord with a double flat 7 (6th) 7th chord : Other Notations: Cº Cdim Cdim7 Cdim/6 Cdim(add6) Cdim7 on other instruments: Cdim7 piano Cdim7 guitar Cdim7 ukulele Cdim7 mandolin Cdim7 banjo The twelve tones of the chromatic scale are covered by three disjoint diminished seventh chords. If the G7 chord ever appeared, it would be very practical to think about using the diminished scale one semitone below C, as it is very close to the region where you are playing your solo. Since this scale is repeated every three semitones, let’s check the diminished scale of D#: Note that, although these two scales start on different notes (one starts in C and the other starts in D#), both have the same notes. The cool thing is that this passing diminished is so well accepted in this context that we can make a solo as if this chord were there, even if it is not there. The Diminished Scale is built upon two diminished seventh chords. I briefly cover those two scales in my Diminished Modes, Chords & Scale article. This dom-dim scale is nothing more than the diminished scale shape that we showed starting from the second degree instead of the first. Listen & Play Along . Each scale connotes something different. This is unique to each person. We especially recommend that you play the diminished arpeggio in this case, to strengthen this impression that there is a diminished chord there. the intervals repeat in a pattern) Because it is a symmetrical scale (and much like the diminished chord) there are only three unique diminished scales: C = E♭ = G♭ = A diminished scale The diminished scale used on top of G7 is the G# diminished scale (one semitone up from the dominant). Minor 6th. Notes: C, E♭, G♭ C°, Cmb5, Cmo5, C dim, C Diminished (1st inversion) Notes: E♭, G♭, C. C°, Cmb5, Cmo5, C dim, C Diminished (2nd inversion) Notes: G♭, C, E♭ Did you know? Because there are three ways to select two from three, there are three octatonic scales in the twelve-tone system. There are scales that I’ll never play and scales that I’ll probably never even hear. The diminished scale is a symmetric scale formed by the sequence: Tone – Semitone – Tone – Semitone – Tone – Semitone – Tone. There are 3 ways to think about constructing the scale that corresponds to the diminished chord: 1. Take note of the different 7th chords that each diminished mode builds. Since B is one semitone below C, we can think that the diminished scale to be used is located one semitone below the chord that the dominant will resolve in. These CAGED scale patterns help you learn the Start by learning the intervals f… it has 8 notes) A Symmetrical Scale (i.e. Major 6th. Major 2nd. The C diminished chord contains the notes C, Eb and Gb. It is at this point that most students give up, after all the diminished chord does not appear as often in most musical styles; and when it does, it is mostly for a very short period, with no time for a diminished “phrase” to be developed. Perfect 4th. The first thing to notice is that diminished chords have different ways to resolve, in fact there are three main types of dim chords resolutions you will come across. You can make up a phrase on the diminished scale and repeat it every three semitones, creating a very interesting effect. The diminished scale is a fantastic feature; has a unique sound and enchants any listener. Formula What is the formula for the C diminished scale. Diminished Fifth: Six half steps above the root (compared to seven half steps with a perfect 5th). diminished scale as it relates to standard CAGED chords. Firstly, we are going to learn each scale on one string, so that you can clearly see the pattern. Initially one can look at it as diminishing the 3rd, 5th, 6th, a m7th, and 8th. It’s an eight note or octatonic scale that alternates between half-steps and whole-steps. Minor 3rd. In this case, we are deceiving the listener by making him believe that there is a diminished chord at that point. These scales are developed mathematically using whole and half steps. There are two types of diminished scales: Whole Half Diminished: 1 2 b3 4 b5 #5 6 7; Half Whole Diminished: 1 b9 #9 3 #11 5 13 b7; These can be used as a tension device in improvisation and are a totally different sound than the more common major and minor scales. A more advanced diminished scale is the Fully Diminished scale (half-step/whole-step). B diminished chords from the C major scale (vii o) B only builds 3 different chords from the C major scale. Even more so if you take into account cultures that use quarter-tones. Minor 3rd: An interval of three half steps above the root note (compared to four half steps with a major third). We will explain this concept. Therefore, don’t think that they are different scales, just consider that it is the same diminished scale, only applied on top of the dominant (played a semitone above it). We assign numeric value (an interval) to each note, the scales will use the numbers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8. Guitarist Yngwe Malmsteen explores this feature a lot. In the same way that we observed for the diminished chord, the diminished scale is repeated every three semitones. As this scale is repeated every three semitones, we can also play the B diminished scale (three semitones above G#). Minor 3rd. event.preventDefault(); Some also refer to this as the double diminished scale because it can be conceptualized as alternating between two diminished arpeggios (C, Eb, F#, A and C#, E, G, Bb). The notes from two such seventh-chords combination form an octatonic collection. Accords de 3 notes, les différentes notations (exemple pour Do) Nom Intervalles Symboles * Do majeur 3 ma (=tierce majeure) + 5 (=quinte) C CΔ C ma C maj Do augmenté 3 ma + 5 aug (=quinte augmentée) C+ C aug C#5 Do mineur 3 m (= tierce mineure) + 5 C m C mi C-C min Do diminué 3 m + 5 dim (=quinte diminuée) C dim C° Cb5 There are really only 3 diminished scales – C, C#, and D. When we build the scale starting on D# we get the same scale as the C diminished scale, as it is just an inversion of the C diminished scale. Songtive is based on user feedback from Piano Companion and Chord Progression builder. Combine two minor tetrachords a tritone apart (a tetrachord is a 4-note scale, and a minor tetrachord is basically the first 4 notes of the Dorian minor mode, so for example, combine the first 4 notes of a C- scale with the first 4 notes of an F#- scale) I want to focus on the diminished modes that come from the Melodic & Harmonic minor scales. Pattern 3 . It can be played a semitone above the dominant chord in question. Root Note. Pattern 1. play notes. An altered scale on C contains the notes: * C (root), * D♭ (minor ninth) * D♯ (augmented ninth) * E (major third) * F♯ (augmented eleventh) or G♭ (diminished fifth) * G♯ (augmented fifth) or A♭ (minor thirteenth) * B♭ (minor seventh). F# is the root of F#dim; B is the root of Bdim, and so on. After the D chord comes the E minor chord, but we have already mentioned on another article that the diminished chord goes very well as a passing diminished chord between a major and a minor chord (in this case, we would have the Major – Diminished – Minor sequence, being: D, D#°, Em). This will facilitate logic. Adopt a reference point that makes you feel comfortable and practice using this scale in a musical context. Okay, and what’s the advantage of that? We are calling a virtual diminished chord a diminished chord that does not exist in the song, but one that could exist. It could remind you of something you’ve heard bef… In this case, the tonic (fundamental) of the dominant chord is played (that is, the scale starts with that note) and then the diminished scale is played a semitone above that tonic. An Octatonic Scale (i.e. Because of that it is also commonly referred to as the whole-half diminished scale. C - D - Eb - F - Gb - Ab - A - B. In other words, it is as if we are “creating” an ascending passing diminished chord. Notice now that we used exactly this second sequence on top of the dominant chords, because in the previous example we played the G# diminished scale starting from the G note, that is, the structure was semitone-tone-semitone-tone, etc. Piano Companion It is a flexible chord and scale dictionary with user libraries and a reverse mode. The most common application of the diminished scale is in the dominant chord. The diminished scale is a symmetric scale formed by the sequence: Tone – Semitone – Tone – Semitone – Tone – Semitone – Tone. As you might imagine, the diminished scale can be played over the diminished chord. It sounds crazy, but it is very simple. The below diagrams show you how to play the C Diminished chord in various positions on the fretboard with suggested finger positions.. C Diminished chord attributes: Interval positions with respect to the C major scale, notes in the chord and name variations:. Root: The note upon which a chord is based, no matter its inversion. They are never used as a tonic chord, but always as a means of tension towards or suspension of another chord. Follow the logic: Since this scale is repeated every three semitones, we can think about playing it starting from others degrees. Pattern 2. play notes. If the G7 chord resolved in a chord other than C, we would have a deceptive resolution. This is difficult to remember. 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