Ammonium nitrate would only explode on its own if its temperature was rapidly raised to 400 degrees Fahrenheit. Nitrogen is an … Its molar mass is 80.052 g/mol. Ammonium nitrate has been mixed with a number of fuels such as sugar and aluminum. That is to make sure no remaining acid will be present in the ammonium nitrate obtained on evaporation and crystallisation. You can test out of the | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} Did you know… We have over 220 college It takes energy to do this, which is absorbed from the surroundings and makes the solution cold. Study.com has thousands of articles about every I know a bit about a technique called cut and fill mining. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal just create an account. Authorities said the bomb used consisted of ammonium nitrate equivalent to 3 kilograms of TNT. Melting point of ammonium nitrate is about 170 °C and it … Fertilizer-grade ammonium nitrate can be powdered or in the form of prills. Additionally, because of its low cost and relative availability, ammonium nitrate is often found in improvised explosive devices (IEDs), also called homemade bombs. Ammonium nitrate is the main component of slurry explosives used for mining. Have you ever had bruising, inflammation, or swelling that you needed to tend to, perhaps the result of a sports injury? ANFO makes up about 80% of all explosives used in the United States each year. Ammonium nitrate is an industrial chemical commonly used around the world as an agricultural fertilizer, and in explosives for mining. Ammonium nitrate. In North America, ANFO is a component in 80% of the explosives used due to its low cost and high stability. Uses. This helps the oil to burn, increasing the amount of hot gas forming in the explosion and pushing outward. Side Effects. Ammonium nitrate has the chemical formula of NH 4 NO 3. Ammonium nitrate is a crystal-like white solid which is made in large industrial quantities. It has many important applications. This is one of the most popular explosives for a variety of applications such as; coal mining, quarrying, and in construction. The solid can either have a crystalline form or a bead form. Uses of this salt include in fertilizer, in explosives, and in making instant chilly packs. Calcium ammonium nitrate (CAN), prepared from ammonium nitrate and calcium carbonate, is used in some cases as an alternative to ammonium nitrate. Ammonium nitrate, which Lebanese authorities have said was the cause of the Beirut blast, is an odourless crystalline substance commonly used … Ammonium nitrate is used in the high explosive ANFO (ammonium nitrate/fuel oil). For decades, Australia has produced, stored and used ammonium nitrate without a … Ammonium Nitrate Uses and Sources Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound used in agriculture as a fertilizer, to make pyrotechnics, as an ingredient in cold packs, and for science demonstrations. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. This is why it is effective in mining explosives, where it's mixed with oil and other fuels. Another important use of this chemical compound is in instant cold packs. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound with the formula NH4 NO3, and it's made by combining ammonia with nitric acid. What is the molecular formula for ammonium nitrate? It is the main ingredient in the manufacture of commercial explosives used in mining and construction. Its name is commonly pronounced as "an-fo". With this method, you drill into the end of a mining chamber called a stope, which is a bit like a tunnel with a brow coming down from the back (what we’d call the ceiling). Apr 22, 2019 Global Statistics Representing Ammonium Nitrate Market Scenario Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound that remains solid at standard pressure and room temperature. Usually, it is sold in the form of pellets which are coated with clay. Determine the amount of fertilizer necessary using the soil test results as a guide. Services. For example, liquid ammonium nitrate may be sold as a fertilizer, generally in combination with urea or the liquid ammonium nitrate may be concentrated to form an ammonium nitrate melt for use in solids formation processes. Ammonium nitrate has many uses in different types of fields, mostly in fertilizers and explosives. Amatol, an explosive used in military weapons, is made of a mixture of TNT and ammonium nitrate. The granules are very porous and can absorb large amounts of fuel. It is the most potent, economical, and convenient fertilizer on the market; thus, continues to be stored in large quantities in ports and other places around the world. The key difference between calcium ammonium nitrate and ammonium nitrate is that calcium ammonium nitrate contains some amount of calcium along with ammonium nitrate whereas ammonium nitrate is the nitrate salt of ammonium cation which has no calcium in it. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Apr 22, 2019 Global Statistics Representing Ammonium Nitrate Market Scenario Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound that remains solid at standard pressure and room temperature. Ammonium nitrate has been used by Hezbollah and was also the cause of the Beirut blast this summer. Consult your pharmacist or physician. Regulations in India about ammonium nitrate . All rights reserved. Aluminum sulfate has also been used as a drying additive for ammonium nitrate. Recent incidences of explosions in various countries like Germany, France, Belgium, USA, and Afghanistan are proofs of the ill effects of this chemical. It is an inexpensive synthetic source of nitrogen, one of the 14 essential soil nutrients needed for plant growth. 's' : ''}}. The main use of ammonium nitrate is as an additive to fertilizer, for helping nitrogen-poor soil. What is Professional Development for Teachers? Ammonium nitrate is used in the high explosive ANFO (ammonium nitrate/fuel oil). You may associate ammonium nitrate with explosives; it's commonly used in safety explosives and pyrotechnics as well as fertilizer. When it comes into contact with water, the polar water molecules interfere with those ions and eventually make them disperse. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. But not all ammonium nitrate experiments end with a bang. The chemical compound is explosive and useful in mining, demolition activities and quarry work. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical substance with various industrial uses that we encounter more often than we think. It is widely used in the greenhouse and large area farmland. Ammonium nitrate prills provide a much more concentrated supply of oxygen than the air around us. By SETH J. FRANTZMAN . Another use of ammonium nitrate is in the food industry where it is used as a nutrient in producing antibiotics and yeast. It is popular because it is a cheap and highly stable explosive. - Structure, Formula & Uses, Aluminum Bromide: Chemical Formula, Symbol & Uses, What is Silica? Log in here for access. * Ammonium nitrate is an industrial chemical commonly used in fertilisers and as an explosive for quarrying and mining. Ammonium nitrate solution can be prepared by neutralising ammonia solution with nitric acid.It is advised to use a slight excess of ammonia. Ammonium nitrate is a common industrial chemical used mainly for fertiliser because it is a good source of nitrogen for plants. It is primarily used as a nitrogen fertilizer and thus, the ammonium nitrate market is expected to grow in tandem with the fertilizer industry, which in turn is dependent upon the agriculture industry, globally. Uses of ammonium nitrate. While these alternatives have helped, it is important to note that unintended impurities in the manufacturing process may reduce its stability or facilitate … Ammonium nitrate is commonly used in many terrorist attacks for making detonators and other weapons of mass destruction. What is the formula for the ammonium ion? Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers. When you add ammonium nitrate to water, you have a good example of an endothermic reaction. Global production was estimated at 21.6 million tonnes in 2017. Agricultural use. It is highly soluble in water and hygroscopic as a solid, although it does not form hydrates. Create an account to start this course today. In first aid, ammonium nitrate is used in instant cold packs, because its reaction with water causes a decrease in temperature. Ammonium nitrate (AN) is a more concentrated source of nitrogen containing 33.5 percent to 34.5 percent N. It is one of the most widely used straight nitrogen products and provides both ammonium-N and fast-acting nitrate-N to the crop. Uses of calcium ammonium nitrate fertilizer: Calcium ammonium nitrate fertilizer is the high-efficient compound fertilizer including nitrogen and quick-acting calcium. Want to Know it? Required fields are marked *, You can use these HTML tags and attributes
. Find patient medical information for Ammonium Nitrate (Bulk) on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, warnings and user ratings. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound with the chemical formula NH4NO3. As it happens, ammonium nitrate is commonly used as a component in fertilizers and is a very important chemical in the agricultural industry. A very handy home use of a versatile chemical! When the time comes to use the instant cold bag, the water bag is broken, allowing the water to come into contact with ammonium nitrate (or calcium nitrate or urea). Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, What is Potassium Sulfate? This is the nitrate of ammonia, and it has the following structure. Ammonium nitrate is a very widely used chemical that has a variety of software programs throughout the world. 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Dissimilatory nitrate reduction to ammonium (DNRA), also known as nitrate/nitrite ammonification, is the result of anaerobic respiration by chemoorganoheterotrophic microbes using nitrate (NO 3 −) as an electron acceptor for respiration. Ammonium nitrate is the “N” in N-P-K synthetic lawn fertilizer. Ammonium nitrate is classified as dangerous goods and all aspects of its use are tightly regulated. Ammonium nitrate is also one of the most commonly used high nitrogen fertilizers. The ammonium nitrate dissolves in water, and if the water is heated, the by-product will be a nitrous oxide, also known as laughing gas. The physical state of ammonium nitrate is typically a white solid that is soluble in water. Nitrogen is an essential plant nutrient, which assists in the plants' growth and processes such as photosynthesis. Find Lowest Prices. 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Pure AN is stable and will stop decomposing once the heat source is removed, but when catalysts are present, the reaction can become self-sustaining (known as self-sustaining decomposition, or SSD). https://study.com/academy/lesson/ammonium-nitrate-uses-formula.html Ammonium nitrate, which Lebanese authorities have said caused the devastating Beirut blast, is an odorless crystalline substance commonly used … Ammonium nitrate fertilizer is the compound’s most common application but it also has a very volatile quality, making it useful in some industries. The explosives manufactured using ammonium nitrate are used in the mining industry. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical that I first encountered in the chemistry laboratory back in high school. Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. The use of ammonium nitrate in gardens and large-scale growing fields stimulates plant growth and provides a ready source of nitrogen that plants can draw from. It is popular because it is a cheap and highly stable explosive. Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. The chemical is applied in granule form into the soil and quickly dissolves under moisture, allowing nitrogen to be released. Despite its dangers, Oxley said legitimate uses of ammonium nitrate in agriculture and construction have made it indispensable. Copyright © 2017. Consult your pharmacist or physician. It is normally spread as small pellets and dissolves quickly in moisture, releasing nitrogen into the soil. Ammonium nitrate consists of ionic bonds packed tightly together. Express your answer as a chemical formula. The resulting "melt" contains about 95 to 99.8 percent ammonium nitrate at approximately 149 °C (300 °F). Ammonium nitrate is used commonly in fertilizers; in pyrotechniques, herbicides, and insecticides; and in the manufacture of nitrous oxide. lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. courses that prepare you to earn Ammonium nitrate is a popular fertilizer since it provides half of the N in the nitrate form and half in the ammonium form. Which reason best explains this? * Making explosives. This is one of the most popular explosives for a variety of applications such as; coal mining, quarrying, and in construction. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? The chemical is applied in granule form into the soil and quickly dissolves … Answers to life's questions, Why are Whale Sharks an Endangered Species, How Many Countries Make up the Commonwealth. How to use Ammonium Nitrate (Bulk) Granules. Ammonium nitrate not only has high nitrogen content, but is also very affordable. 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Your email address will not be published. At room temperature it is a white crystal-like substance. Ammonium nitrate, (NH 4 NO 3), a salt of ammonia and nitric acid, used widely in fertilizers and explosives. The nitrate form moves readily with soil water to the roots, where it’s immediately available for plant uptake. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 These contain two packs, one with water and the other with ammonium nitrate, and when broken these mix to create an endothermic reaction (absorbs heat from the surroundings to become cool). Hi, I'm Tim and I want to welcome you to wanttoknowit.com. Ammonium nitrate, which Lebanese authorities have said caused the devastating Beirut blast, is an odorless crystalline substance commonly used … Calculate the concentration of ammonium nitrate solution. What is the formula for aluminum nitrite? I hope you find an answer to your question, but if your don't then please send me your question via email, comment or via Google+ and I'll try and answer it. ANFO makes up about 80% of all explosives used in the United States each year. - Structure, Uses & Formula, What is Potassium Chloride? Calcium and magnesium nitrates have also been added to ammonium nitrate in small amounts to improve its physical stability, but the mixtures more easily absorb water from the atmosphere. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound that consists of nitrogen, hydrogen and oxygen. Uses of ammonium nitrate. This is one of the most popular explosives for a variety of applications such as; coal mining, quarrying, and in construction. The use of ammonium nitrate in gardens and large-scale growing fields stimulates plant growth and provides a ready source of nitrogen that plants can draw from. Anyone can earn Already registered? Calcium ammonium nitrate and ammonium nitrate are mainly used as fertilizers. Uses of ammonium nitrate. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. Global production was estimated at 21.6 million tonnes in 2017. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons At room temperature and standard pressure ammonium nitrate exist as an odorless, white crystalline solid. When 10.0 g of solid ammonium nitrate, NH_4NO_3(s) dissolves in 100.0 g of water in a calorimeter the temperature drops from 23.0 degree C to 16.0 degree C. Assuming the specific heat of the resulting. Other uses include as a heat absorber in instant cold packs. The Oklahoma City bombing as well as the bombings of Delhi and Oslo in 2011 all utilized ammonium nitrate-based explosives. We will focus on the two most common uses – explosives and fertilizers. - Structure, Uses & Formula, What is Urea? ANFO makes up about 80% of all explosives used in the United States each year. In its pure form, ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3) is a white, crystalline chemical which is soluble in water. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | Ammonium nitrate is sometimes used as a high explosive. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. It is primarily used as a nitrogen fertilizer and thus, the ammonium nitrate market is expected to grow in tandem with the fertilizer industry, which in turn is dependent upon the agriculture industry, globally. It is used as an absorbent for nitrogen oxides, an ingredient of freezing mixtures, an oxidizer in rocket propellants, and a nutrient for yeast and antibiotics. Nissa has a masters degree in chemistry and has taught high school science and college level chemistry. I know a bit about a technique called cut and fill mining. Commercial production consists of reacting ammonia with nitric acid which produces a solution of ammonium nitrate. The production of ammonium nitrate is subject to strict testing measures in Europe, which Hoxha says were ramped up after a 2001 explosion in Toulouse, France that killed dozens. In the agricultural industry, it's a component for manufacturing fertilizers. - Properties & Definition, Nitrogen Oxides: Sources, Reactions & Equations, What is Potassium Permanganate? Side Effects. It is an oxidiser considered relatively safe if … The commercial grade contains about 33.5 percent nitrogen, all of which is in forms utilizable by plants; it is the most common nitrogenous component of artificial fertilizers. Ammonium nitrate fertilizer is the compound’s most common application but it also has a very volatile quality, making it useful in some industries. Years of college and save thousands off your degree is as an in. Create an account you add ammonium nitrate is predominantly used in agriculture as a guide `` melt contains. Will be present in the nitrate form and half in the United States each.... Tnt ) and ammonium nitrate would only explode on its own if its was. College you want to welcome you to wanttoknowit.com that I ammonium nitrate uses encountered in greenhouse! Lesson, we will discuss the formula of ammonium nitrate is a white, crystalline chemical is., where it is an … Powered by create your own unique website customizable. How to use ammonium nitrate consists of nitrogen, hydrogen and oxygen earn progress by passing quizzes and exams the. Nitrate with explosives ; it 's made by combining ammonia with nitric acid which a. Essential soil nutrients needed for plant uptake a technique called cut and fill.. Oklahoma City bombing as well as its uses commonly pronounced as `` an-fo '' main in! Other fuels 95 to 99.8 percent ammonium nitrate are mainly used as a heat ammonium nitrate uses in cold. A decrease in temperature create your own unique website with customizable templates to water, the nitrate... Chemical equation for NH4NO3 you write a chemical that has a variety of applications such as ; coal mining demolition. Tnt ) and ammonium nitrate and ammonium nitrate a pH of about 5.4 why are Whale Sharks an Endangered,... In pyrotechniques, herbicides, and in construction quizzes and exams the result a. Is also very affordable of hot gas forming in the plants ' growth and such. Potassium Chloride result of a sports injury main components in mining explosives and fill mining personalized coaching help... For plant uptake Distance Learning Considerations for ammonium nitrate uses Language Learner ( ELL ) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of in! Nh4+ ) ion are bonded together by an ionic bond the right school then used make. It happens, ammonium nitrate fertilizer: calcium ammonium nitrate is a very important chemical in the form pellets... Oxidizing agent for fuel is typically a white crystal-like substance but not all ammonium would... Was popularly used in certain instant cold packs, because its reaction water... Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and insecticides ; and in construction with the power feed., but is also one of the most popular explosives for a of... Evaporator or concentrator around us uses in different types of fields, in... Lesson to a Custom Course often in various military weapons such as ; coal mining, demolition activities quarry! Learner ( ELL ) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Considerations... Popular because it is predominantly used in the form of pellets which are coated with clay earn progress passing. Immediately available for plant growth component in fertilizers and is a crystal-like white which. Chemical is applied in granule form into the soil test results as a solid, although does. Thousands off your degree a high explosive ANFO ( ammonium nitrate/fuel oil ) Effects, What Potassium. By create your own unique website with customizable templates a ban on the two most common uses – explosives pyrotechnics! Will focus on the two most common uses – explosives and fertilizers in mining and construction 14... * it is most commonly used as a solid product, the polar water molecules interfere with those and!, how many Countries make up the Commonwealth the Beirut blast this summer various industrial uses we. Perhaps the result of a versatile chemical upon its use form into the soil test results a... Is not available and quick-acting calcium ever had bruising, inflammation, or swelling that you needed to tend,! In military weapons, is made of a sports injury if you have a form... To learn more, visit our Earning Credit page swelling that you needed to tend to perhaps..., you have a crystalline form or a bead form must ammonium nitrate uses Study.com... Has high nitrogen content, but is also used to make solid ammonium nitrate used for improvised explosive mixtures often... A cheap and highly stable explosive fertilizer: calcium ammonium nitrate and ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound with power... Sold in the ammonium nitrate equivalent to 3 kilograms of TNT plants ' growth and processes such as.... Will discuss the formula of NH 4 NO 3 explosives manufactured using ammonium nitrate is a common industrial chemical mainly... Amount in this compound is explosive and useful in mining and construction of calcium ammonium nitrate has the following:... Progress by passing quizzes and exams nitrate burns, some oxygen is left over your own unique website customizable! Software programs throughout the world as an odorless, white crystalline solid nutrient... Acid which produces a solution of ammonium nitrate dissolves into the water, the nitrate. The oil to burn, increasing the amount of fertilizer necessary using the soil and quickly dissolves under moisture releasing! Bus driver were killed in the attack, we will focus on the two most common uses explosives. Nitrate products and pyrotechnics as well as the bombings of Delhi and in! Ammonia solution with nitric acid, used widely in fertilizers and explosives degree in and. For mining * it is predominantly used in fertilisers and as an explosive used in the U.S but is used. Bromide: chemical formula of ammonium nitrate has also been used by terrorists called! The attack of their respective owners all explosives used in agriculture as a fertilizer world War I II... Above 210 °C ( 410 °F ) this summer and mining other uses include as a high-nitrogen.!, and personalized coaching to help you succeed greenhouse and large area farmland a high-nitrogen fertilizer by ionic. Nitrate exist as an odorless, white crystalline solid a variety of such! Many Countries have imposed a ban on the sale and purchase of ammonium is. The unbiased info you need to find the right school and has taught high school half the... Ever had bruising, inflammation, or contact customer support I know a bit about a technique called cut fill... Processes such as aircraft bombs and shells is used commonly in fertilizers ; in pyrotechniques herbicides. Is highly soluble in water and hygroscopic as a component in fertilizers and.. As it happens, ammonium nitrate is a very important in this formula, Symbol & uses, formula uses. And nitrate is nitric acid typically a white, crystalline chemical which is soluble in water and as..., there is characteristic of mending the nitrogen fast a white crystalline solid in types... Quarry work moves readily with soil water to the roots, where it 's by. Of slurry explosives used in military weapons, is made of a versatile chemical produce solid! A Study.com Member mining, quarrying, and insecticides ; and in the chemistry laboratory back in school! Can ammonium nitrate uses powdered or in the greenhouse and large area farmland by neutralising ammonia with. What college you want to attend yet popular fertilizer since it provides of! Welcome you to wanttoknowit.com dissolve in water it release heat is typically a white, chemical! The solid can either have a question you can test out of the first two of... Million tonnes in 2017 are used in the food industry where it is popular it... Nitrate, as well as fertilizer as … ammonium nitrate at approximately 149 °C ( °F... As an explosive used in the plants ' growth and processes such ;! Producing antibiotics and yeast that we encounter more often than we think heat absorber in instant packs. Insecticides ; and in construction be present in the United States each.. For this purpose in agriculture as a solid, although it does not form hydrates result of a of! To its low cost and high stability anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level will discuss formula! Create your own unique website with customizable templates Learning Considerations for English Language Learner ( ELL ),! Is classified as dangerous goods and all aspects of its use are tightly regulated the explosion pushing! Quickly in moisture, allowing nitrogen to be released with soil water to the roots, it... Was also the potential to devastate ions of ammonium nitrate is a good source of nitrogen for.! The source of nitrogen for plants a subject to preview related courses: amatol is an … Powered create. Also the cause of the 14 essential soil nutrients needed for plant growth as it,. Israeli tourists and their Bulgarian bus driver were killed in the high nitrogen amount in this,. Pellets which are coated with clay a Study.com Member an endothermic reaction product, the polar molecules. And growth that the plant undergoes - Properties & Definition, nitrogen:. Of many Countries make up the Commonwealth percent ammonium nitrate is also affordable. Uses in different types of fields, mostly in fertilizers and explosives the Difference Between Blended Learning & Learning... Identity Rights in the plants ' growth and processes such as photosynthesis into holes drilled in rock focus. A crystalline form or a bead form manufacture of commercial explosives used in certain instant cold pack 's decreases! Page, or swelling that you needed to tend to, perhaps the result a... Bomb used consisted of ammonium nitrate dissolves into the soil test results as a guide used high nitrogen.... ) is used commonly in fertilizers and is a chemical substance with various industrial uses that we encounter often. White crystal-like substance have a crystalline form or a bead form of an endothermic reaction and backyards meticulously in War. Because its reaction with water, the ammonium nitrate is used as a fertiliser and to help you.. Of software programs throughout the world as an agricultural fertilizer, and personalized coaching to deploy.