If you cut too close to the parent stem (a flush cut), a column of rot will enter the stem. The weeping Japanese maple in our backyard needed some serious help. While they can still be attractive without pruning, I feel that the thick outer layer obscures from view the beautiful branching inside. Pruning a Mature Lace Leaf Weeping Japanese Maple. The second type of growth pattern is the weeping variety such as Acer Palmatum Dissectum autopurpureum. The largest branches form a type of umbrella and they tend to flow out and down, and often branches form that go across this structure and they need to be pruned out. I feel that this can be one of the most beautiful trees with just a little work to enhance its form, but often they are left to their own devices and their beauty can be hidden by layers of branches. This maple lost its left side in heavy snow 5 years ago. Next, I look for branches that are going ‘against the grain’ or crossing the major flowing branches of the tree. It didn’t make it through the summer. I am very new to gardening so I do not know much about it at all. During the right timing of course. This is my first time working with this type of tree, and I was scared to start hacking at it. To prune a Japanese Maple, wait until it's at least 15 years old so you're not interfering with its natural shape. The idea at the top of the umbrella is to develop a strong and interesting form to support the rest of the plant. The form of these trees resembles a cascading waterfall, making them a graceful and beautiful focal point in the landscape. Let’s break them into two categories, upright or dissected and weeping. It is about 2 feet tall and what I believe to be a weeping Japanese maple. They are long-lived plants and pruning and care for them is a process. Which was shared to me. Hello, I recently purchased a home and I have a very small maple in my yard. Our #1 Tip for Pruning Japanese maples: Call Us. Most hand pruners (bypass pruners) work well for branches and stems under 3/4 of an inch in diameter. How big is the plant, how long has it been in its location, how long will it be in its pot. The second one is that you should never prune as much as to remove more than 1/5 of … Pruning a Japanese Maple Tree Start by pruning back branches that point to the inside of the tree, grow straight up or currently rub against other … Providing care tips how to grow, maintain and prune a weeping or laceleaf Japanese maple … When to prune: Choosing the right time to prune is key - Japanese maples will bleed sap if pruning is done any later than the end of December. Protecting the tree’s roots is part of Japanese weeping maple care. Before beginning to prune your Japanese maple, take a good look at the structure of the branches. How To Trim A Maple Tree Properly . People ask about trimming or pruning Japanese maples fairly often and the short answer is yes, you should prune your Japanese maples. This improves your view of the tree's branching structure as well as avoids any sap bleeding that would occur if pruning was done in early spring, according to the Royal Horticultural Society. Use clean cuts back to lateral branches or buds. Whichever type of Japanese maple you have, light trimming under the branches for access is recommended since the branches droop as the plant matures, and weighty limbs can grow too low and even put stress on the rest of the tree. And, unlike regular Japanese maples, the weeping variety grows happily in warm regions. Pruning a weeping form of Japanese maple (Acer palmatum) is somewhat of an art, but if you take your time your tree will become even more magnificent as it matures. Your upright is usually larger and more “tree” like. ©2013BDG. Great words of guidance I learned years ago is to make few big cuts rather than lots of small cuts. © 2020 GardenDrum All Rights Reserved | ADMIN. The way to care for the roots is to spread a thick layer of organic mulch over the soil. This plant was so dense that the branching on the back had all died. When to Prune Laceleaf Maples. Prune to see your tree’s branch design by removing branches that block the view to a handsome twist or turn in direction. Here’s everything you need to know about how to propagate, grow, and plant a Japanese maple. Whether covered in flowers or attractive foliage, they add visual interest to the garden. ... Japanese (weeping, dome-shaped or cascading) maples, there are dozens of varieties for sale in nurseries. I love the Japanese Maple, and recently married and moved my small tree. Also, I am encouraging a few upward branches to increase the height. Hello, I recently purchased a home and I have a very small maple in my yard. How to Prune a Japanese Maple Tree. This holds in moisture as well and prevents weed growth. From beauty to amazing sight, Japanese Maple Trees is usually one type of tree that usually calls for attention. Being from the northern hemisphere, I think that late winter is right about now for you guys. It is red leaf, with obvious weeping branches. A friend shared this from Peter Chan's Japanese maple book. Three factors add up to the conclusion that all Japanese maple owners should learn to prune these beautiful trees. If its been in the ground for a while then you want to take the largest root ball you can manage. I had been told Japanese Maple do not like windy areas, so I planted the small tree near the house. Japanese Maples are a favorite tree for their bright foliage and interesting shapes. Dwarf Japanese Maple Pruning Guide . Sorry about the US measurements, I am sure there are similar standards in AUS. The cuts you make will also dictate the future direction of growth. Sometimes you might just make a few cuts and wait until next year to see how the tree responds. It’s absolutely gorgeous! I hate seeing contractors pruning azaleas, boxwood, holly and many other shrubs with gas pruners. Last week, I helped a client prune a slightly overgrown and dense maple. Step back and see what has developed after this work. Aesthetically, you want to accentuate the delicate branching and flowing form. I prune it when it begins to touch the ground because I enjoy the dome effect of the tree. You can also come back later and make additional cuts. So an upright tree that can be 20' tall is placed in a 12' and a "cute little weeper" is planted in a 3'x 3' patio bed although it has the potential to spread 10' or more. I am not imposing my will on the plant, just opening it up to enhance its beauty. I would apply this generously to a weeping maple. No matter how overgrown your Japanese maple tree gets, you must not prune more than one-fifth of its canopy or more than 30% of the whole tree. Begin by using pruning shears to make precise cuts to dead or diseased branches. Prevent a weeping Japanese maple from becoming larger. You may not want your maple to be transparent while a shimmering translucency may be exquisite. The leaves are shaped in a lace pattern and are colored in a purple hue during the … With new lighting underneath it will be beautiful at night and all year long. If you see any old or dead branches, or those that look sickly, these should come off. Branches over 3/4 inch in diameter might require lopper pruners (long handled pruners). Japanese Red Maple Tree Pruning. In time they will have many layers with the innermost dying from lack of light. Examine the tree. Weeping trees include the weeping blue Arctic willow, the Japanese maple and the weeping mulberry. HOW TO PRUNE JAPANESE MAPLE TREES. Systematically clip branches that are cascading to the ground around the perimeter of the tree until you reach the desired height. With it open all the branching will strengthen and the natural layers have been highlighted. Weeping trees include the weeping blue Arctic willow, the Japanese maple and the weeping mulberry. How to Prune a Dwarf Japanese Maple |. The leaves are shaped in a lace pattern and are colored in a purple hue during the … Also known a the Weeping Japanese Maple or Laceleaf Japanese Maple Tree. https://gardendrum.com/2013/07/16/how-to-prune-a-weeping-japanese-maple Click this article for additional information about Japanese weeping maples. How to Prune Up Overgrown Japanese Maple Trees. The reason for this dormant season pruning, is that Acers bleed their sap if pruned in the spring or summer. It didn’t make it through the summer. Miscellaneous Pruning Wisdom Work from the inside out, bottom to top, small branches before larger. 1) Japanese maples are small trees but bigger than most people expect. Cultivate the soil with a garden spade to keep it loose and aerated. The leaf is very delicate looking. Then, make sure you use a sharp and clean pair of pruners. When pruning a Japanese maple, cut up to—but not into—the branch collar. How to Prune a Weeping Japanese Maple |. Next, prune off dead wood — that is, any dead twigs or brittle branches that no longer grow foliage. Japanese red maples do best with at least four hours of sunshine a day and tolerate partial shade. The first step in pruning to restrict the size of the green laceleaf Japanese maple shown below, yet keep it tree like, is to remove some excess branches. ! The form and branching is what makes this plant so desirable throughout the year. It is red leaf, with obvious weeping branches. A Japanese maple tree is one of the most easily recognizable trees thanks to its lovely red hue. japanese maple recommendations weeping dwarf japanese maples acer palmatum dissectum 'inaba shidare' spring color: red to maroon fall color: bright red 10 year size: 5 ft x 6ft click here for more info acer palmatum dissectum 'waterfall' spring color: green fall color: yellow to … You will notice different details each time. Always step back and look at your progress because it is best to come back and make another cut rather than regretting the loss of a branch you didn’t mean to cut. I have a weeping Japanese maple that is at least 20 years old. Young trees need to have the lowest limbs removed to enhance clearance. When to Prune a Japanese Maple. Japanese maple trees are popular indoor and outdoor plants. Also, it can involve removing a branch that goes underneath and allowing a visual separation to create a layered effect. There are basically two types of appearances, one exposing the inner trunk to view the beautiful form of the tree, or that of a more full, cascading nature. I'm wanting entire branching removed. So no repot intended for spring 2020. Since the tree is dormant, it does not need to be soaked in water as it will rot since the plant is not active. After the dead and crossing branches are gone it is time to start looking at the major structural branches. The question I get most often is where do I start. Types of Japanese Maple tree: The two most common forms of Japanese maple are: Acer palmatum - an upright, understory tree; Acer palmatum dissectum (and cultivars) - a smaller tree with a weeping habit . The first type are upright varieties like the common green Acer Palmatum or the Bloodgood cultivar which has burgundy foliage. Spread the mulch in a circular pattern around the trunk, but pull it back 2 inches from the trunk to prevent disease. There are two typical growth patterns for Japanese Maples. Then, make sure you use a sharp and clean pair of pruners. Weeping Japanese Maple. The weeping Japanese maple in our backyard needed some serious help. Water the … There are hundreds of Japanese maple varieties that come in various sizes with a large assortment of leaf shapes and colors that range from shades of green to orange, red, purple, and variegated. Before beginning to prune your Japanese maple, take a good look at the structure of the branches. If you want a wider plant, then prune at a point where a branch is pointing outwards in the direction you want to expand. Actually, these maples can get quite large and need a great deal of room. The weeping Japanese maple is categorized as a medium sized tree or large shrub which generally reaches a height of about 8 ft with at maximum a 12 ft spread. The Japanese Maple tree came form Japan, China and Korea. When to Prune Maple Trees. 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