Its rapid growth and spreading rhizomes make it an invasive pest in some areas. Name: Paspalum (Paspalum dilatatum) Description: Perennial. Species. Gramineae (South Australia) Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Common Names. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Paspalum L. – crowngrass. ID - 59842. Flower colour; life form. The dallisgrass weed (Paspalum dilitatum) hails from Uruguay and Argentina. Symbol Key - PADI3. Water Grass. Paspalum. Paspalum paniculatum (Russel River grass) grows to 2m with 10-30 scattered erect then spreading racemes. Subordinate Taxa. The leaf blade is angled along the midrib, and is long and narrow, bright green, sparsely long-hairy around where it meets the stem. Description: Densely tufted perennials to c. 2 m tall, often forming a tough 'crown' with leafy shoots from a knotted base of very short rhizomes; nodes glabrous, or the lower sparsely pubescent. Each raceme is usually less than 5 cm long (but can be up to 12cm long) and usually at almost right-angles from the stem. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Back in the 1800s, it was first introduced in the U.S. as a forage plant that was not only fast-growing but also capable of surviving the southern climes. – dallisgrass. Insects, Diseases and Other Plant Problems:  Seed heads are susceptible to an ergot fungus, Calviceps paspali, that is toxic to livestock when ingested. Click on additional photos to enlarge: The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Paspalum dilatatum . Preferred Common Name. Elke dag worden duizenden nieuwe afbeeldingen van hoge kwaliteit toegevoegd. If it is to be used in pastures, try to maintain a height of 2 to 3" because a lower grass height can result in a decline of the grass. (synonym) Paspalum selloi Spreng. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. Coste; Panicum platense (Spreng.) They are warm-season C 4 grasses and are most diverse in subtropical and tropical regions. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. Paspalum dilatatum can be divided into two varieties, var. Common name: Dallisgrass Latin name: Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Other common names: Paspalum, caterpillar grass, millet grass, Dallis grass, hairy flowered paspalum, large watergrass and Leichhardt grass. Paspalum dilatatum, or Dallis grass, is a common perennial weed often found in lawns and disturbed areas. Botanical name: Paspalum dilatatum. The leaf sheath is somewhat flattened and its base is hairy, often tinged red, and usually inflated. Common name. Habitat: Widely used in irrigated pastures and common in both rural and urban settings in areas where annual rainfall exceeds 500 mm (Muyt 2001). Some of the other species do not have a tufted base, some are not hairy and others with a tufted base generally have more racemes. Paspalum ovatum Nees ex Trin., nom. To remove it requires a sharp knife and some muscle to cut around the base and lift the plant from the ground. Paspalum dilatatum Trin. The leaf stalks are hollow and form a coarse, spreading tuft, while the leaves themselves are blade-shaped and grow up to 10 inches long. Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day), Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). The Plants Database includes the following 85 species of Paspalum . A. Auld and R. W. Medd, "Plantnet FloraOnline"  (2005)  http://plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/. There are 5 species native to Australia. The group is widespread across much of Asia, Africa, Australia, and the Americas.Commonly known as paspalum, bahiagrasses, crowngrasses or dallis grasses, many of the species are tall perennial New World grasses. This is a major weed of the world. Frequently there is purplish coloration at the base of the grass stems. de Monnet de & Poiret, J.L.M. Paspalum dilatatum. Paspalum selloi Spreng. Common name: Paspalum. Botanical name: Paspalum dilatatum Description A perennial grassy, clump forming weed with a robust rhizomatous growth habit. Dallisgrass. Distinguishing features. Paspalum dilatatum – Taxon details on National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). Inflorescence a panicle of usually 3-5 racemes, spikelets 3-4 mm long, fringed with long silky hairs. The flowers are a paired spikelet. glabrous). Flora category. ssp. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Paspalum (Paspalum dilatatum) Family: Poaceae Growth Habit: Paspalum is a tough grass that can grow up to 150 cm in height, however it normally grows a flattened tuft … Also known as: paspalum, caterpillar grass, millet grass, common paspalum, Dallis grass, hairy flowered paspalum, large watergrass, Leichhardt grass, Paspalum Grass Description. in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Paspalum dilatatum ssp. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. However, it is sometimes used as a summer forage grass in pastures. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Seeds are brown when mature and fringed with fine hairs and may feel sticky. Paspalum dilatatum is a species of grass known by the common name dallisgrass, Dallas grass, or sticky heads.It is native to Brazil and Argentina, but it is known throughout the world as an introduced species and at times a common weed. The name “dallisgrass weed” is commonly known as a tribute to a man named A.T. Dallis. North Africa Family Poaceae Barnhart Genus Paspalum L. Species Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Dilatatum. Also known as: paspalum, caterpillar grass, millet grass, common paspalum, Dallis grass, hairy flowered paspalum, large watergrass, Leichhardt grass, Paspalum Grass Description. Species. The latter has 2n = 40 chromosomes and is more prostrate. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Throughout southern and south central United States, California, and Oregon. Mature plants can also be dug out, but they sometimes grow back if rhizomes are left behind. Common name: Language: Location: PIER … Each spikelet has two rows of flat, egg-shaped seeds along its entire length and is pale green to purplish in color. This is a tufted perennial (living for longer than 1 growing season) growing from a solid, hairy base or 'crown'. In home landscapes, digging out young plants before they form rhizomes or set seed is the best strategy for control. Inflorescence (a group of flowers) usually has 3 to 7 spike-like racemes (groups of flowers on a stem) but could be up to 11. The flowering stalk grows 14 to 65 inches tall and the flower head consists of 2 to 10, often drooping, spikelets that arise from different points at the top of the flower stalk. A long-lived tufted grass growing up … Vascular – Exotic. in Lamarck, J.B.A.P. The leaf blades are hairless with an asymmetric ligule (appendage at base of leaf with unequal sides). It is an invasive bunchgrass and its dense growth habit tends to smother and prevent other native species from flourishing. culms) are sometimes branched near the base and their joints (i.e. This is a tall, erect grass to about 2m high. Native Introduced Native and … Paspalum dilatatum: common name details from PIER Common name - Language - Location: Language - Location - Common name: Location - Language - Common name: Language - Common name - Location: Common name/Language/Location. Paspalum dilatatum is a clump-forming, perennial grass with clustered stems arising from very short, creeping rhizomes. terminal stalks, 3 to 7 spike-like branches, branches alternately arranged and often drooping, spikelets in 4 rows on one-side of branch, spikelets egg-shaped and covered with silky black hairs dilatatum, Dallis-grass. Dilatatum and var. Authority. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Scientific name: Paspalum dilatatum Poir: Common name: Paspalum: Status: Not declared noxious in Victoria. Paspalum dilatatum subsp. Ligule membraneous. Dallis grass. (synonym) Paspalum ovatum var. Dallasgrass. flavescens Roseng., B.R.Arrill. Wikipedia® is een geregistreerd handelsmerk van de Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., een organisatie zonder winstoogmerk. Stem and leaves he flowering stems (i.e. It is an invasive bunchgrass and its dense growth habit tends to smother and prevent other native species from flourishing. Paspalum comes from the Greek word for millet, Paspalos (Quattrocchi, 1999).The common name of dallisgrass for P. dilatatum … At the base of the collar is the leaf sheath, which is slightly flattened. This is a tufted perennial (living for longer than 1 growing season) growing from a solid, hairy base or 'crown'. The seed heads have paired seeds lined up in 4 rows. This is a weedy and invasive plant. Paspalum dilatatum : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Paspalum dilatatum : Source: Poaceae update, database (version Sept. 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Poaceae update for ITIS, in cooperation with NatureServe, and based on the Catalogue of New World Grasses database and other sources Paspalum is a genus in the Poaceae family with about 330 species, mainly from tropical to warm-temperate regions of the American continent (PROTA, 2017).The genus includes important forage grasses and widespread weeds. Dallis grass produces abundant amounts of seed, which are its primary means of dispersal. At the base of each leaf blade is a collar with a membranous ligule about 1/4 inch long and no auricles or projections. - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Naamsvermelding/Gelijk delen, er kunnen aanvullende voorwaarden toepassing. Research Service, often tinged red, and Oregon Band of Cherokee Indians of Paspalum 2013 om.. 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