Paspalum dilatatum Poir. APG IV Classification: Domain: Eukaryota • (unranked): Archaeplastida • Regnum: Plantae • Cladus: angiosperms • Cladus: monocots • Cladus: commelinids • Ordo: Poales • Familia: Poaceae • Cladus: PACCAD clade • Subfamilia: Panicoideae • Tribus: Paspaleae • Subtribus: Paspalinae • Genus: Paspalum • Species: Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Paspalum is a genus in the Poaceae family with about 330 species, mainly from tropical to warm-temperate regions of the American continent (PROTA, 2017).The genus includes important forage grasses and widespread weeds. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. Paspalum moluccanum Huber; Paspalum ovatum Ness ex Trin. dallisgrass; Other Scientific Names. A long-lived tufted grass growing up to 1.5 m tall. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Habitat: Widely used in irrigated pastures and common in both rural and urban settings in areas where annual rainfall exceeds 500 mm (Muyt 2001). Preferred Common Name. Throughout southern and south central United States, California, and Oregon. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Paspalum dilatatum is a species of grass known by the common name dallisgrass, Dallas grass, or sticky heads.It is native to Brazil and Argentina, but it is known throughout the world as an introduced species and at times a common weed. Responds well to irrigation. It has some value as a pasture grass. Common Names. There are typically 3 to 7 groups of flowers (racemes) on a stem, each less than 2 inches long, forming at nearly right angles to the stem. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. The flower is small, fleshy, inversely coned shaped and 3-lobed. Common name(s) Paspalum. Paspalum dilatatum: common name details from PIER Common name - Language - Location: Language - Location - Common name: Location - Language - Common name: Language - Common name - Location: Common name/Language/Location. dilatatum, Dallis-grass. in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. glabrous). Subordinate taxa: ... less common; inhabits only uplands. This plant holds to the ground very firmly. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Wikipedia® is een geregistreerd handelsmerk van de Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., een organisatie zonder winstoogmerk. Ligule membraneous. To remove it requires a sharp knife and some muscle to cut around the base and lift the plant from the ground. Flower colour; life form. The underground stems are fairly short and have areas that appear as concentric rings. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. Paspalum pedunculare J.Presl; Paspalum platense Spreng. Back in the 1800s, it was first introduced in the U.S. as a forage plant that was not only fast-growing but also capable of surviving the southern climes. Inflorescence (a group of flowers) usually has 3 to 7 spike-like racemes (groups of flowers on a stem) but could be up to 11. Its common name is a tribute to A.T. Dallis, who was an ardent supporter of its use and import around the turn of the century. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. ex Ness; International Common Names Seed heads infected by ergot can affect stock health. Stem and leaves he flowering stems (i.e. The Plants Database includes the following 85 species of Paspalum . Accessed: 07-Oct-06. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. dilatatum Paspalum dilatatum var. The stems are erect to ascending, growing 30 - 180cm tall and producing new roots at the nodes when in contact with the soil. dilatatum, Dallis-grass. Insects, Diseases and Other Plant Problems:  Seed heads are susceptible to an ergot fungus, Calviceps paspali, that is toxic to livestock when ingested. Native Introduced Native and … Name: Paspalum (Paspalum dilatatum) Description: Perennial. South East and Southern Brazil, South America. Gramineae (South Australia) Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Common Names. Paspalum dilatatum ssp. It was introduced into the United States back in the 1800s as a fast growing forage plant that could survive our southern climes. Common names Brasilianische Hirse in German Dallisgras in German Dallisgrass in English Panic du Brésil in French Panico brasiliano in Italian Panico brasilinao in Italian Paspale dilaté in French Paspalun merhav in Hebrew capim melador, capim mimoso, sanduva in … Paspalum dilatatum, or Dallis grass, is a common perennial weed often found in lawns and disturbed areas. Symbol Key - PADI3. If it is to be used in pastures, try to maintain a height of 2 to 3" because a lower grass height can result in a decline of the grass. It has slightly smaller and less hairy spikelets, more spikelets per raceme and its lemma and palea have three veins compared with nine in var. Paspalum dilatatum subsp. Each raceme is usually less than 5 cm long (but can be up to 12cm long) and usually at almost right-angles from the stem. Common Names. & Schult.f; Paspalum lanatum Spreng. North Africa Family Poaceae Barnhart Genus Paspalum L. Species Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Structural class. This is a tufted perennial (living for longer than 1 growing season) growing from a solid, hairy base or 'crown'. Common name (s) Dallis-grass. Common name: Language: Location: PIER … Deze pagina is voor het laatst bewerkt op 3 jul 2013 om 02:34. Subordinate Taxa. Inflorescence a panicle of usually 3-5 racemes, spikelets 3-4 mm long, fringed with long silky hairs. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Dallasgrass. Missouri Botanical Garden. There are 5 species native to Australia. The group is widespread across much of Asia, Africa, Australia, and the Americas.Commonly known as paspalum, bahiagrasses, crowngrasses or dallis grasses, many of the species are tall perennial New World grasses. – Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). Common name. in Lamarck, J.B.A.P. The leaves are generally possess a characteristic purple colour at the base of the sheath, with a rolled vernation and large membranous ligule. The name “dallisgrass weed” is commonly known as a tribute to a man named A.T. Dallis. At the base of each leaf blade is a collar with a membranous ligule about 1/4 inch long and no auricles or projections. The flowering stalk grows 14 to 65 inches tall and the flower head consists of 2 to 10, often drooping, spikelets that arise from different points at the top of the flower stalk. Paspalum dilatatum – Taxon details on National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). Cite this page: Tropicos.org. Paspalum dilatatum. Pauciciliatum Parodi. Responds well to irrigation. Gramineae (South Australia) Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Dallisgrass is a grassy weed (Paspalum dilitatum) that originated in Argentina and Uruguay. Paspalum (Paspalum dilatatum) Family: Poaceae Growth Habit: Paspalum is a tough grass that can grow up to 150 cm in height, however it normally grows a flattened tuft … The leaf stalks are hollow and form a coarse, spreading tuft, while the leaves themselves are blade-shaped and grow up to 10 inches long. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Some of the other species do not have a tufted base, some are not hairy and others with a tufted base generally have more racemes. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Kuntze; Paspalum eriophorum Schult. Click on additional photos to enlarge: The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Paspalum dilatatum . , CZ, Calabria, Italia, - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share-Alike 3.0 … NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. Paspalum. & Izag. A. Auld and R. W. Medd, "Plantnet FloraOnline"  (2005)  http://plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/. Paspalum dilatatum may be confused with other Paspalum species of which there are around 330 species all mostly from Central and South America. Paspalum dilatatum, or Dallis grass, is a common perennial weed often found in lawns and disturbed areas. It is an invasive bunchgrass and its dense growth habit tends to smother and prevent other native species from flourishing. Unabridged Note: ... Citation for this treatment: Charles Allen 2012, Paspalum dilatatum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Can become sod-bound in long-term pastures. Paspalum urvillei (vasey grass) grows to about 2.5m tall with 6-30 racemes usually held erect. Vind stockafbeeldingen in HD voor Paspalum Dilatatum Known By Common Name en miljoenen andere rechtenvrije stockfoto's, illustraties en vectoren in de Shutterstock-collectie. Each spikelet has two rows of flat, egg-shaped seeds along its entire length and is pale green to purplish in color. A major component of Dallis grass management is preventing establishment of new plants. Description: Densely tufted perennials to c. 2 m tall, often forming a tough 'crown' with leafy shoots from a knotted base of very short rhizomes; nodes glabrous, or the lower sparsely pubescent. Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day), Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). grandiflorum Nees (synonym) Paspalum pedunculare J.Presl (synonym) Paspalum platense Spreng. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. flavescens Roseng., B.R.Arrill. (synonym) Paspalum ovatum var. Can become sod-bound in long-term pastures. Family: Poaceae Life Cycle: Perennial Type: Grass Description: Perennial grassy weed that is very difficult to control due to deep, aggressive rhizomes that often forms clumps.Inflorescences contain 2-8 branches, each with multiple spikelets. Paspalum dilatatum Trin. This is a weedy and invasive plant. Grows mainly in spring and summer and is suited to fertile soils. Seeds are brown when mature and fringed with fine hairs and may feel sticky. Dallis grass. At the base of the collar is the leaf sheath, which is slightly flattened. In home landscapes, digging out young plants before they form rhizomes or set seed is the best strategy for control. Paspalum dilatatum : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Paspalum dilatatum : Source: Poaceae update, database (version Sept. 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Poaceae update for ITIS, in cooperation with NatureServe, and based on the Catalogue of New World Grasses database and other sources Coste Panicum platense (Spreng.) ssp. Digitaria dilatata (Poir.) If left unmowed, blades will grow 4 to 10 inches long. 09 Nov 2020 Paspalum paniculatum (Russel River grass) grows to 2m with 10-30 scattered erect then spreading racemes. Dilatatum. The flowers are a paired spikelet. Moderate tolerance of frost. The lower sheaths of the leaves are somewhat hairy, but the leaf blades are hairless. The leaf blade is angled along the midrib, and is long and narrow, bright green, sparsely long-hairy around where it meets the stem. The leaf sheath is somewhat flattened and its base is hairy, often tinged red, and usually inflated. Scientific name: Paspalum dilatatum Poir: Common name: Paspalum: Status: Not declared noxious in Victoria. The leaf blades are hairless with an asymmetric ligule (appendage at base of leaf with unequal sides). The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Paspalum ovatum Nees ex Trin., nom. Lower sheaths of leaves are hairy. A long-lived tufted grass growing up … decumbens Vasey Paspalum dilatatum var. Grass, tufted 24-180 cm tall. Species. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. – dallisgrass. However, it is sometimes used as a summer forage grass in pastures. culms) are sometimes branched near the base and their joints (i.e. The leaf blade is angled along the midrib, and is long and narrow, bright green, sparsely long-hairy around where it meets the stem. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Seed heads infected by ergot can affect stock health. Name: Paspalum (Paspalum dilatatum) Description: Perennial. Common name: Paspalum. (synonym) Paspalum selloi Spreng. ID - 59842. Paspalum dilatatum can be divided into two varieties, var. Paspalum quadrifarium (tussock paspalum) grows to 2m high with 15-40 rust coloured racemes. culms) are sometimes branched near the base and their joints (i.e. terminal stalks, 3 to 7 spike-like branches, branches alternately arranged and often drooping, spikelets in 4 rows on one-side of branch, spikelets egg-shaped and covered with silky black hairs N.C. Paspalum (Paspalum dilatatum) is regarded as an environmental weed in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Western Australia and South Australia. De tekst is beschikbaar onder de licentie Creative Commons Naamsvermelding/Gelijk delen, er kunnen aanvullende voorwaarden van toepassing zijn.Zie de gebruiksvoorwaarden voor meer informatie. Common Name: GRASS FAMILY Habit: Annual to woody perennial herb; ... Etymology: (Greek: ancient name for a kind of millet) Note: Paspalum notatum Flüggé not naturalized in California. Mature plants can also be dug out, but they sometimes grow back if rhizomes are left behind. Species. Dallis grass produces abundant amounts of seed, which are its primary means of dispersal. Family Poaceae Scientific Name Paspalum dilatatum Poir.. Poiret, J.L.M. Vascular – Exotic. Also known as: paspalum, caterpillar grass, millet grass, common paspalum, Dallis grass, hairy flowered paspalum, large watergrass, Leichhardt grass, Paspalum Grass Description. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Its rapid growth and spreading rhizomes make it an invasive pest in some areas. Other common names: Paspalum, caterpillar grass, millet grass, Dallis grass, hairy flowered paspalum, large watergrass and Leichhardt grass. Flora category. Moderate tolerance of frost. Paspalum dilatatum. Scientific Name. Common Name(s): Dallisgrass, Paspalum,Dallisgrass: Scientific Name: Paspalum dilatatum: Family: Poaceae: Longevity: Perennial: Season: Warm: Origin: Introduced Stem and leaves he flowering stems (i.e. It can alternatively be sprayed successfully with a 1:100 glyphosate:water mix. Dallis grass blooms from May through November. They are warm-season C 4 grasses and are most diverse in subtropical and tropical regions. Leaf has long hairs near stem (see lower hairs), elbows also hairy. nodes) are usually hairless (i.e. APNI*. This is a tall, erect grass to about 2m high. The dallisgrass weed (Paspalum dilitatum) hails from Uruguay and Argentina. dilatatum: mostly pentaploids, some hexaploids; inhabits periodically flooded lowlands and non-flooded uplands. Often found in lawns and disturbed areas a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles is voor het laatst op. Elbows also hairy man named A.T. Dallis on National Center for Biotechnology Information ( NCBI ) Paspalum::. 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And fringed with fine hairs and may feel sticky in subtropical and tropical regions at base of grass. Paspalum dilatatum Poir: common name: Paspalum dilatatum Poir.. Poiret, J.L.M affect health! Other common Names Paspalum dilatatum – Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information (...