West Papuan separatists announce they will form a new provisional government for the region and reject Indonesia's rule, in a significant escalation of a decades-long battle over independence. Indonesians began occupying West Papua the following year and in 1969 formally annexed the territory. December 1 is the day West Papuans mark as their declaration of independence from the Dutch in 1963. during the wars and a brief overview of the major events during World War One and Two. During the initial phase in early 1942, the Empire of Japan invaded the Australian-administered Mandated Territory of New Guinea (23 January) and the Australian Territory of Papua (21 July) and overran western New Guinea (beginning 29/30 March), which was a part of the Netherlands … The most exhaustive treatment of the campaign remains Samuel Milner, Victory in Papua (1957), a volume in the series United States Army in World War II. The history of Australian troops in action is well told in a myriad of history books dedicated to that topic. On 7 December 1941, Japan attacks several targets simultaneously. The incident started on December 1, several days before the troops went in. Heroes of Buna Fascinating, inspiring stories and details about American heroes of Buna who were recognized with the Congressional Medal of Honor. On December 1, the West Papuans raised their flag, the Morning Star. Papua New Guinea: Features. The Free Papua Movement (Indonesian: Organisasi Papua Merdeka, OPM) is an umbrella term for the independence movement established during 1965 in the West Papuan or West New Guinea territory which is currently being administrated by Indonesia as the provinces of Papua and West Papua, also formerly known as Papua, Irian Jaya and West Irian. The next battle was only days away as MacArthur's Allied troops continued to push west along New Guinea's northern shore. For a more general overview of the war see the Brief History of WWII e-text."] CMH Pub 72-7 Cover: Troops of the 3d Battalion, 128th Infantry, 32d Infantry Division, cross a stream … Moving letter written about an Australian World War II veteran of West Papua. It's the early hours of the morning when West Papuan civil independence leader Victor Yeimo emerges from the darkness. February 25, 2016. While the flashpoint for the current wave of violence is a 4,000km road project, the origins of West Papua's independence struggle go all the way back to the Cold War. The New Guinea campaign of the Pacific War lasted from January 1942 until the end of the war in August 1945. The best known is the attack on Pearl Harbour (Hawai), in which the American fleet was severely damaged. 'US Army in World War II--War in the Pacific: VICTORY IN PAPUA . Discover The Tunnels of Rabaul in Rabaul, Papua New Guinea: This volcanically volatile island town is home to an abandoned series of tunnels left by the Japanese during WWII. [The primary source for this text is the U.S. Army Center for Military History. By Samuel Milner. Recommended Books about the Papua Campaign. A Bastard of a Place: The Australians in Papua; Victory in Papua (United States Army in World War II) From Poplar to Papua: Montana's 163rd Infantry Regiment in World War II (1957, 1989; 409 pages, 23 maps, 69 illustrations, bibliographical note, glossaries, index, CMH Pub 5-4.) We would need to devote an entire website just to the subject of Australian troops in battle if we were to properly tackle the subject but this page is more about what happened in W.A. This moving letter has been written to the people of West Papua by Australian World War II veteran James Burrowes who fought alongside West Papuans to keep Australia Independent from Japanese occupation. 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