Habitat Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), coastal beaches (sea beaches), meadows and fields, shores of rivers or lakes, wetland margins (edges of wetlands) 2,4-DB amine or 2,4-D ester are effective when applied beforethe flower stalk elongates, but … Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Rumex obtusifolius bitter dock This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Our findings suggest that control of these highly troublesome weeds can be assisted by appropriate agricultural practices, notably exposing cut fragments to drying … Rumex obtusifolius, Broad-leaf Dock, is common in the Blue Mountains and many other parts of Australia. It is in flower from June to July, and the seeds ripen in August. This plant has medical uses in European herbal medicine as well. —The dock roots are decidedly alterative, tonic, mildly astringent, and detergent, and are eminently useful in scorbutic, cutaneous, scrofulous, scirrhous and syphilitic affections, leprosy, elephantiasis, etc. ; A.J. MacDaniels 3984: 3/6/2018 - David Werier Ulster: 2010: BKL – BKL00098333 Herbarium Name Used: Rumex obtusifolius [4] The species hybridizes readily with other Rumex species including Rumex obtusifolius , Rumex obovatus , Rumex palustris and Rumex maritimus . Similar interactions of increasing soil depth and desiccation were found in reductions in dry weight, number of tillers and leaf area, with R. obtusifolius generally, but not exclusively, better able to withstand more extreme trial conditions. Flowers tend to be small, red in color, and carried in terminal, branched clusters. The common Dock of our fields and roadsides, rumex obtusifolius, has a reputation among children as the best antidote to nettle sting, a reputation which is very well deserved as Clarke can testify. This species is well known for rubbing the long deep green leaves on the skin as an antidote to a nettle sting. Leaves can be used as a vegetable; roots and seeds may be used for herbal or medicinal purposes Found in similar places to broadleaved dock. Used for their leaves and seeds are: Rumex rispus, Rumex obtusifolius (also called Butter Dock because it was used to wrap butter) Rumex patientia, Rumex pulcher, and Rumex sanguineus. A poultice of crushed leaves is a suggested natural remedy for stings, including the injury done by stinging nettles. Rumex obtusifolius seedlings usually appear on the ground near adult conspecific plants, and their survival rate under the canopy of adult conspecifics is higher than that outside the canopy, indicating that adult R. obtusifolius plants facilitate their seedling establishments. Range: Curly dock is found throughout the U.S., including every western state. Description. Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial herbaceous flowering plant that grows to a height of 40 to 150 cm (16 to 59 in). The edges of the leaves are slightly "crisped" or wavy, the upper surface is hairless and the under surface may be papillose. Rumex obtusifolius PID1745-1.jpg 901 × 1,200; 352 KB Rumex obtusifolius PID1746-1.jpg 901 × 1,200; 295 KB Rumex obtusifolius PID1748-1.jpg 900 × 1,200; 234 KB Rumex Acetosa Rumex diminishes the secretions of mucous membranes, and at the same time exalts sensibility of the mucous membranes of the larynx and trachea. Docks have chracteristic seed pods (also called seed valves), and you can tell which species of Rumex it is by looking closely at the shape of the tiny pods (see photos below). Genus. Eaten for their tart flavor are: Rumex acetosa, Rumex acetosella, Rumex aquaticus var. Fiddle dock (Rumex pulcher) The flowers are greenish at first which turns red when they get matured. R. obtusifolius can be an invasive species on account of its prolific production of seeds, which can remain viable for a long time, its capability for vegetative reproduction, and adaptability to different environments. Rumex spp. Scientifically, Rumex is an edible plant that has many uses. The plant produces milk which cause mild dermatitis. According to Joslin, Rumex quoted by Hale, was used by allopaths internally and externally for the cure of itch. Rumex crispus × Rumex obtusifolius → Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert. Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock).R. Touching the throat-pit brings on the cough. Broadleaf dock is treated as a weed which is somewhat poisonous. Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial plant that can grow up to 1.00 metres tall. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. & Koch is a rare, partially sterile, hybrid dock known from MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Its sterility manifests as fruiting perianths of different shapes and sizes on the same plant. Curly and broadleaf dock . Rumex pulcher. Similar to broad-leaved dock except for its leaves which are narrower, with crinkled edges, leaves tapered towards tip and base. Eames & L.H. Genus Rumex is comprised of some 200 species wordwide, of which approx. uliginosus occurs on tidal estuarine mud. datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this species.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species like Rumex obtusifolius L. Broadleaf dock is found in most of the western states, except Nevada, Wyoming and North Dakota. Rumex patientia is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.5 m (5ft) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in). It is in flower from June to October, and the seeds ripen from July to October. General information about Rumex obtusifolius (RUMOB) Euromediterranean region (except southeast), Siberia, Western Asia. The leaf stalks are used in salads. Known Hazards Plants can contain quite high levels of oxalic acid, which is what gives the leaves of many … crispus occurs on waste and cultivated ground. Rumex pulcher. Rumex crispus L.; curly dock . Rumex obtusifolius. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest.It is larger and more succulent than many other docks. Herbarium Name Used: Rumex obtusifolius ssp. The seeds are reddish to brown in color. Sorrel. Which Docks Are Edible? It is used in folklore medicine, and has been used as an antidote to nettle, depurative, astringent laxative and for the treatment of sores, blisters, burns, cancer and tumours (Dr Duke’s Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases, 2009 in Harshaw et al ., 2010). Common problems with Rumex obtusifolius. The root and fruits are used as medicine. It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. Rumex acetosa-Sheep sorrel--(Gathered in June and dried, used locally for Epithelioma of face (Cowperthwaite). The Plants Database includes the following 57 species of Rumex . The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Rumex hymenosepalus has been cultivated in the Southwestern U.S. to use in leather tanning, while leaves and stems are used for a mustard-colored dye . fenestratus, Rumex articus , Rumex paucifolius, Rumex rugosus , Rumex sagittatus, Rumex vesicarius , and Rumex … Rumex obtusifolius Overview. Family: Polygonaceae . Preparations from old material are worthless, but very … Rumex obtusifolius is sometimes used for medicinal purposes (USDA-NRCS 2008). Mature plants are capable of w... More... More information. littoreus has a coastal distribution, and Rumex crispus ssp. Rumex crispus ssp. It is noted for attracting wildlife. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Rumex acetosa. Curly dock (Rumex crispus) Curly dock (Rumex crispus) Since the seeds and seed stalks persist through the winter season, you can identify this plant by the fruit’s wings even in the winter. Picloram (pyridine) is effective on most Rumex species. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. L.; broadleaf dock . Rumex crispus ssp. Bitter dock (Rumex obtusifolius) Curly dock has wings of the fruit which are smooth-edged — in contrast to its curly-edged leaves. Rumex obtusifolius L. (Polygonaceae), commonly called ‘broad-leaf dock’, is one of the most common Irish wayside weeds, and it also occurs in silage fields, on river banks, in ditches and on waste grounds. The young leaves are sometimes used in salads, bitter but pleasing as part of a mix, with a slightly laxative effect. obtusifolius Werier (2017) voucher! Rumex alpinus was used as a laxative, and to treat stomach problems in Bulgaria and Ukraine, and in Turkey against diarrhoea, constipation and eczema (Šťastná et al., 2010). 20 grow in Finland. The leaves are crisped and wavy. Rumex. Rumex obtusifolius has large leaves and some lower leaves have red stems. Related plants. There are many edible docks, but curly dock and broad-leaved dock are the most common in the USA and Europe. It is easily recognizable by its very large oval leaves with cordate bases and rounded tips, some of the lower leaves having red stems. Dry, unremitting short cough, and violent pains in the bowels; uvula elongated; inflammation of œsophagus; also cancer); Rumex obtusifolius-Lapathum -Broad-leaf dock--(nosebleed and headache following; pain in kidneys; leucorrhœa). pest. It is native to Northern Ireland and a number of other countries in Africa, temperate Asia, and Europe (GRIN Taxonomy Database, 2009). They are quite a troublesome group because members easily cross-breed – broad-leaved dock especially with Scottish dock ( R. aquaticus ), water dock ( R. hydrolapathum ), curled dock ( R. crispus ) and northern dock ( R. longifolius ). Rumex obtusifolius used to be called butter dock because its large leaves were used to wrap and conserve butter . Rumex hastatulus, or Heartwing Sorrel, is an annual or short-lived perennial herb-like plant, erect, weedy, with leaves that are mainly basal, alternate, and simple. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. ; for which purpose we prefer the Rumex crispus, which is principally employed for its alterative and tonic influences in all cases where these are desired. Introduced in Russian Far East, Sri Lanka, Malesia, China, Japan, Korea, South Africa, North America (widespread, including Alaska, Greenland), Mexico, Central America, Caribbean, South America (except northern Brazil), New Zealand In Ireland, R. obtusifolius is used as astringent, laxative, tonic, antidote to nettle, and for the treatment of sores, blisters, burns and cancer (Harshaw et al., 2010). Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). 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